Breaking the myth: The effectiveness of bowties in risk and safety management

In recent years, bow-ties have become a fashionable tool for managing risk and safety in high-risk industries. The original thinking was based on James Reason’s widely cited Swiss cheese model and the domino effect. Reason argued that accidents (or failures) in socio-technical systems, ie systems comprising human beings and technical components, are “caused” as a result of the dominos falling sequentially one after the other.


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